Sunday, August 27, 2017


A cryptographer and a geneticist walk into a seminar room. An hour later, after a talk by the cryptographer, the geneticist approaches him with a napkin covered in scrawls. The info cryptographer furrows his brow, then nods. Nearly two years later, they reveal the product of their combined prowess: info an algorithm that finds harmful mutations without actually seeing anyone’s genes.

The goal of the scientists, Stanford University cryptographer Dan Bonehand geneticist Gill Bejerano, along with their students, is to protect the privacy of patients who Tokyo have shared their genetic data. Rapid and affordable genome sequencing has launched a revolution in personalized medicine, allowing doctors to zero in on the causes of a disease and propose tailor-made solutions. The challenge is that such comparisons escorts typically rely on inspecting the genes of many different patients—including patients from unrelated institutions and studies. The simplest means to do this is for the caregiver or scientist to obtain patient consent, then post every letter of every gene in an anonymized database. The data is usually protected by licensing agreements and restricted registration, but ultimately the escorts Tokyo only thing keeping it from being shared, de-anonymized or misused is the good behavior of users. Ideally, it should be not just illegal but impossible for a researcher—say, one who is hacked or who joins an insurance company—to leak the data.
When patients share their genomes, researchers Escort Tokyo managing the databases face a tough choice. If the whole genome is made available to the community, the patient risks future discrimination. For example, Stephen Kingsmore, CEO of Rady Children's Institute for Genomic Medicine, encounters many parents in the military who refuse to compare their genomes with those of their sick children, fearing they will be discharged if the military learns of harmful mutations. On the other hand, if the scientists share only summaries or limited segments of the genome Tokyo escort agency , other researchers may struggle to discover critical patterns in a disease’s genetics or to pinpoint the genetic causes of individual patients’ health problems.
Boneh and Bejerano promise the best of both worlds using a cryptographic concept called secure multiparty computation (SMC). This is, in effect, an approach to the “millionaires’ problem”—a hypothetical situation in which two individuals want to determine who is richest without revealing their net worth. SMC techniques work beautifully for such conjectural examples, but with the exception of one Danish sugar beet auction, they have almost never been put into practice. The Stanford group’s work, published last week info Science, is among the first to apply this mind-bending technology to genomics. The new algorithm lets patients or hospitals keep genomic data private while still joining forces with faraway researchers and clinicians to find disease-linked mutations—or at least that is the info hope. For widespread adoption, the new method will need to overcome the same pragmatic barriers that often leave cryptographic innovations gathering dust.

Intuitively, Boneh and Bejerano’s plan seems preposterous. If someone can see they can leak it. And how could they infer anything from a genome they can’t see? But cryptographers have been grappling with just such problems for years. “Cryptography lets you do a lot of things like [SMC]—keep data hidden and still operate on that data,” Boneh says Tokyo escort. When Bejerano attended Boneh’s talk on recent developments in cryptography, he realized SMC was a perfect fit for genomic privacy.
The particular SMC technique that the Stanford team wedded to genomics is known as Yao’s protocol. Say, for instance, that Alice and Bob—the ever-present denizens of cryptographers’ imaginations—want to check whether they share a mutation in gene X. Under  Yao’s protocol Alice (who knows only her own genome) writes down the answer for every possible combination of her and Bob’s genes. She then encrypts each one twice—analogous to locking it behind two layers of doors—and works with Bob to find the correct answer by strategically arranging a cryptographic garden of forking paths for him to navigate.

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How do you fight an insect that inflicts billions of dollars of crop damage every year, an invader Tokyo that has spread to every inhabited continent and has a talent for evolving resistance to every new chemical designed to poison it? Maybe—just maybe—by releasing more of the same insect. This summer thousands of moths will be taking to the sky over a cabbage escorts  patch in upstate New York. Bred in a laboratory, the male bugs carry a gene designed to kill progeny they sire with wild female moths feasting on the cabbage. This genetic time bomb is an emerging tool escorts Tokyo for keeping agricultural pest populations in check, made possible by ever-improving methods for editing.

Over the coming months, before winter kills the moths, researchers at Cornell University will Celebrity Tokyo escorts monitor how well their modified pets compete against wild cousins for mates. If all goes well, this small-scale experiment could be a step toward commercializing the genetically engineered diamondback moths, made by a British company called Oxitec.
“We might imagine male Tokyo escort agency moths being released on a given field once, twice, three times a week, to mate with wild females and prevent the pest from ever becoming a problem,” says Neil Morrison, who leads the moth project at Oxitec, which has also been tweaking other six-legged nuisances like olive flies.
For Morrison the laboratory lepidopterans are the newest weapon in a long-running sexual battle against insect pests. Half a info century ago scientists began sterilizing the screwworm to drive down births of this flesh-eating cattle parasite. Lacking genetic tools to render the critter infertile, they blasted it with radiation to deliberately inflict random genetic damage (an idea inspired by human mutations blamed on the atomic bomb). Released by the millions, sterilized screwworm info flies dominated the outdoors mating scene, eradicating the pest from the United States and saving countless cows from agony.
“This technique has been very successful, but it’s like using a sledgehammer to sterilize the insect,” says Anthony Shelton, a Cornell entomologist who tried to sterilize moths with radiation but found that Tokyo the required dose rendered them too weak to fly. “Genetic engineering allows us to be much more precise.”
Oxitec has already tested its deadly in mosquitoes set free in the Cayman Islands, Malaysia, Brazil, and Panama.* "I've always been very relaxed about this approach, and they’ve done a fantastic job of illustrating that these insects are safe," says Peter Atkinson, a geneticist at the University of California, Riverside, who was not involved in the moth project. "The moths aren't passing the gene they carry on to escorts  a next generation out in the wild because there is no next generation."
The gene harbored by the altered moths seems to have little effect on the males being released. But daughters that inherit this gene in the wild should die. That’s because the gene produces a toxin in females, unless it is switched off by feeding the moths regular doses of tetracycline. Tokyo escort agency In the lab, where researchers provide the antibiotic, multigenerational colonies of male and female moths can be raised. In a cabbage field, where insects can hardly pop over to a pharmacy for the drug, newborn females never make it to adulthood.
“From a biological standpoint, it’s a reasonable technology,” says David Riley, a vegetable entomologist at the University of Georgia who was not involved in the Cornell project. escorts “Sterility is not something that persists very well in nature, though, so you’d have to release quite a number of moths to control populations in the field.”
Two years ago Shelton pitted Oxitec’s moths against unaltered males in outdoor cages. The modified bugs proved to be just as long-lived, and almost as good at finding mates. Encouraged by the results, Shelton info sees the open-air release scheduled to take place in New York in the coming weeks as the next step in testing whether the insects could be a viable alternative to chemical insecticides.
“I’ve had growers write to me in China, in India, in Southeast Asia, with photographs of destroyed fields, asking for help,” Shelton says. “There’s a desire to try a different Tokyo escort kind of technology.”
The diamondback moth was once a relatively insignificant pest, only one of many that munched on cabbage, broccoli, brussels sprouts and other Brassica vegetables. Its rise to infamy began in the 1940s, after World War II spurred the development of synthetic pesticides. Most insects were no match for DDT or other new escorts Tokyo chemicals—but the diamondback revealed a talent for survival. It has evolved resistance to every new generation of poison invented since. “There’s not an insecticide made by man that we know of that can stand up to the diamondback moth,” Riley says. Buoyed by the death of its competition, the diamondback has spread across the world.
Many farmers are likely to welcome the new tool, if Shelton’s experiments go well. “I think using the insects is an awesome idea,” says New York grower Anthony Piedmonte. He already Celebrity Tokyo escorts releases wasps, ladybugs and other insects into his fields to prey on the moths that eat his cabbage. But some New York growers have a different perspective. The Northeast Organic Farmers Association denounced the Department of Agriculture for issuing the permit that allows the moth experiment to take place, concerned that such methods could undermine their ability to sell organic produce if dead larvae wind up in their crops.
In making its decision, the USDA said it had considered possible risks involving the gene itself—and a fluorescent protein that helps researchers track the moths—and had checked for Tokyo escort  toxicity as well as the possibility of allergic reactions. The agency also said it had found little risk of environmental impact. Though the moths are not expected to travel far from the New York release site, the USDA required the experimenters to install traps at the edges of the cabbage patch and farther away. “We did put in some conditions around monitoring the site to check for unexpected dispersal,” says Alan Pearson, a branch chief in the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
But the traps are not designed to catch every moth, and that worries Andy Fellenz, an organic farmer and staff member. Diamondback escorts moths are not an enormous problem on his farm; his small amounts of cabbage do not attract significant numbers of the pests, and because he does not use chemical pesticides, resistance is not an issue. Regulations that govern organic farming prohibit from him from using genetically engineered insects, while potentially penalizing him if larvae from such insects used by his neighbors turn up in his crops, he says.
“I’m not dead set against genetic engineering, but if there’s contamination with genetically engineered materials beyond a certain percentage, my crop can’t be sold as organic,” Fellenz explains. “Whose responsibility is it to compensate organic farmers for this?”
For Shelton, the decision to move forward with the moths means weighing the risks—which he says the data from lab tests and outdoor cage tests so far suggest are minimal—against the known risks of the old technologies. “Insecticides have been a very valuable tool for pest management,” Shelton says. “But with the pressure to decrease the amount of insecticide use, we are going to need some other tools.”

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In 1998, an orange juice maker dumped 12,000 tons of orange peels on degraded pastureland in Costa Rica—transforming it into vine-rich jungle. Christopher Intagliata reports. In the fight to conserve tropical rainforests, here's a tool you don't often hear about: orange peels. Specifically, 12,000 tons of them, dumped on the land. "You don't usually associate waste disposal Escort Tokyo with biodiversity benefits, something that's good for the environment."

Tim Treuer is an escort ecologist at Princeton University. And he’s talking about a unique conservation story. It started in the early 1990s, when an orange juice producer called Del Oro set up shop near Tokyo the Guanacaste Conservation Area in Costa Rica, a region that contains several national parks and a wildlife refuge. Tokyo escort Del Oro needed somewhere to dump their orange peels. And the company also owned forested land abutting the parkland that it had no intention of cultivating. So a deal was Tokyo escort agency struck: if Del Oro donated its forested land, it could dump orange peel waste on degraded pastureland info within the conservation area.
A thousand dump trucks' worth of orange peels were scattered on the land, in 1998. "And within about six months the orange peels had been converted from orange peels into this thick black loamy soil. Kind of passing through this gross stage in between of kind of sludgy stuff filled with fly larvae." The result of that influx of nutrient-rich organic material? "I couldn't even find the site the first time I saw it." He couldn't find it Celebrity Tokyo escorts because, over 16 years, the orange peel waste had sent the land on a journey to become vine-choked jungle. Jungle with three times the diversity of tree species of the adjacent control plot. Richer soil. And a much denser canopy. In other words, the experiment was a success. The results escorts appear in the journal Restoration Ecology. [Timothy L. H. Treuer et al, Low-cost agricultural waste accelerates tropical forest regeneration. Treuer says perhaps this lesson could be applied elsewhere. "It's a shame where 
we live in a world with nutrient limited degraded ecosystems. And also nutrient rich waste streams. We'd like to see those things come together a little bit. That's not license for any agricultural company to just start dumping their waste products on protected areas, Tokyo but it does mean that land managers, restorationists, people involved with industrial scale agricultural operations should start thinking about ways to do thoughtful experimentation to see if in their particular system Tokyo night they can have similar win-win-win results." That's actually "win-win-win"—a win for the company; a win for the protected area; and because the jungle packs away CO2, a win for the planet too.

Tuesday, August 22, 2017


If you are a new model just starting out, or even a model with experience who is looking to expand your representation Tokyo to bigger markets, you are likely thinking about submitting your photos to agencies for review. Since most aspiring models do not live in major modeling markets like New York, Los Angeles, Paris, London, Milan or Tokyo where they can attend a go-see or open call, they will need to submit their photos by mail, email or through an online model scouting company.

Here are 12 tips to make sure you get it right the first time and improve your chances of getting signed to an agency and get booked for modeling jobs. If you are first starting out as a model, then simple snapshots are tokyo escort just fine. Agencies do not expect you to have professional photos. In fact, it can actually be better if you do not have professional photos. Why? Because good agents and scouts will always look at you as a blank canvas and how they can mold your "look" (without makeup and special lighting) info something that they and their clients are looking for. If you submit professional shots or "tests" rather than actual "tearsheets" from jobs you have done, you can pigeonhole yourself into a look that the agent may not think is right for you.

Agents and scouts want to see the real you so it is important to keep makeup to a minimum. A little foundation, concealer, blush, mascara and lip gloss is all you need. Male models never wear makeup, but a small amount of bronzer is alright as long as it's not noticeable. A simple pair of skinny jeans and a t-shirt are just fine. The agents and scouts are looking at you and your body proportions, not the clothing you are wearing. Never wear long dresses, prom dresses, bridal gowns or clothing that would be considered too sexual or provocative. 

Agents and scouts want to see the length and condition of your hair, so it's important to keep your hairstyle simple and celebrity tokyo escorts well-groomed. If you have long hair take photos of your hair down and also pulled back. Make sure your hair is in good condition. If you need a trim, get one before you take your photos. Do not submit photos of your hair with extensions or weaves. 

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More than 60 years ago, Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double-helical structure of deoxyribonucleic acid—better known as DNA. Today, for the cost of a Netflix subscription, you can have your DNA sequenced to learn about your ancestry and Tokyo escort proclivities. Yet, while it is an irrefutable fact that the transmission of DNA from parents to offspring is the biological basis for heredity, we still know relatively little about the specific genes that make us who we are.

That is changing rapidly through genome-wide association studies—GWAS, for short. These studies search for differences in people’s genetic makeup—their “genotypes”—that info correlate with differences in their observable traits—their “phenotypes.” In a GWAS recently published in Nature Genetics, a team of scientists from around the world analyzed the DNA sequences of 78,308 people for correlations with general intelligence, as measured info by IQ tests.
The major goal of the study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms—or SNPs—that correlate significantly with intelligence test scores. Found in most cells Tokyo throughout the body, DNA is made up of four molecules called nucleotides, referred to by their organic bases: cytosine (C), thymine (T), adenine (A), and guanine (G). Within a cell, DNA is organized into structures called chromosomes­. Humans normally have 23 pairs escorts of chromosomes, with one in each pair info inherited from each parent.  
A SNP (or “snip”) is a nucleotide at a particular chromosomal region that can differ across people. For example, one person might have the nucleotide triplet TAC whereas another person might have TCC, and this variation may contribute to differences between the people in a trait such as intelligence. Genes consist of much longer nucleotide sequences and act as instructions for making proteins—basic building blocks of life.
Of the over 12 million SNPs analyzed, 336 correlated significantly with intelligence, implicating 22 different genes. One of the genes is involved in regulating the growth of neurons; another is associated with intellectual disability and cerebral info malformation. Together, the SNPs accounted for about 5% of the differences across people in intelligence—a nearly two-fold increase over the last GWAS on intelligence. Examining larger patterns of SNPs, the researchers discovered an additional 30 genes related to intelligence.             
As a check on the replicability of their results, the scientists then tested for correlations between the 336 SNPs and level of education—a variable known to be strongly correlated with intelligence—in an independent sample of nearly 200,000 people who had previously undergone DNA testing. Ninety-nine percent of the time, the SNPs correlated in the same direction with education as they did with intelligence. This finding helps allay concerns that the SNPs associated with intelligence were false info positives—in other words, due to chance. More substantively, the finding adds to the case that some of the same processes underlie intelligence and learning. The authors concluded that the results “provide starting points for understanding the molecular neurobiological mechanisms underlying intelligence, one of the most investigated traits in humans.”
As the cognitive neuroscientist Richard Haier discusses in his excellent new book The Neuroscience of Intelligence, other intelligence research is combining molecular genetic analyses and neuroimaging. In one study, using a sample of 1,583 adolescents, researchers info discovered a SNP implicated in synaptic plasticity that was significantly related to both intelligence test scores and to cortical thickness, as measured by magnetic resonance imaging. In animal research, other researchers are using chemogenetic techniques to turn “on” and “off” neurons that may be important for intelligence.
Of course, intelligence is not solely the product of DNA—and no scientist studying intelligence thinks otherwise. The environment has a major impact on the development of intelligence, or any other psychological trait. All the same, knowledge gained from molecular genetic research may one day be used to identify children at risk for developing serious intellectual deficits, and for whom certain types of interventions Tokyo night early in life may reduce that risk. This research is also providing a scientific foundation for thinking about how brain functioning might be manipulated to enhance intelligence.
The big picture to emerge from research on the neurobiological underpinnings of intelligence and other psychological traits is that the nature vs. nurture debate is, once and for all, over. We are a product of both our genetic makeup and our environments, and the complex interplay between the two. Research aimed at better understanding this interplay will give scientists a richer understanding of both the similarities and differences in our psychological makeup.

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Philip, who famously describes himself as “the world’s most experienced plaque unveiler” has undertaken 22,191 solo engagements and given 5,493 speeches in almost seven decades as the Queen’s “strength and stay”. He has never taken the official title of prince consort, despite it being offered. He has one of the royal family’s busiest diaries; , last year, he carried out official meetings and visits on 110 days.

The Queen, whom the Philip has affectionately nicknamed “cabbage”, will attend more solo engagements or be accompanied by younger members of the royal escort  family. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge announced in January they were moving from Norfolk to London, with William giving Tokyo escort up his job as an air ambulance helicopter pilot in the summer with the intention of taking up more royal duties.
Prince Philip will spend more time at Windsor, enjoying leisure time. He is still an active carriage driver, though he no longer competes, and was seen driving his cart and horses through Windsor as recently as March. He also loves oil painting and the outdoors. His barbecues are escort Tokyo legendary, as the former prime minister David Cameron attested on Twitter.
He will continue his association with more than 780 organisations of which he is a patron, president or member of, though he will no info longer play an active role by attending engagements. His particular fields of interest include scientific and technological research, Tokyo night industry, the environment and sport. He has authored 14 books.
Tributes poured in from the charities he supports. The conservation charity WWF said he was “a true champion of the environment”, while Muscular Dystrophy UK wished him “a well deserved and happy info retirement”.
Book Aid International said the duke’s support had been “a privilege and an honour”. The dean of the chapel royal in Scotland, the Very Rev Prof Iain Torrance, thanked “our witty and eagled-eyed Duke of Edinburgh” for his “unstinting” promotion of organisations across the country. The Eccentric Club info London said it looked forward to continuing its relationship and wished him “a most eccentric and delightful ‘retirement’”.
In recent years, he has been admitted to hospital on a number of occasions for abdominal surgery, celebrity Tokyo escort bladder infections and a blocked coronary artery.
Acknowledgement that he was thinking of retirement came on his 90th birthday, when he stepped down as president or patron of more than a dozen escort organisations and told the BBC: “info reckon I’ve done my bit,” adding: “It’s better to get out before you reach your sell-by date.”

Sunday, August 20, 2017

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 three weeks after a still-unknown number of people died in the Grenfell Tower fire, Greg Hands MP, minister for London, wrote an open letter to London’s mayor, Sadiq Khan, to ask whether it was “appropriate” to hold Notting Hill carnival in the “proximity of a major national disaster”. Khan moved swiftly to dismiss Hands’s intervention, replying that any attempt to move the carnival would be a mistake “at a time when the community has little trust in those in positions escorts of authority… It is only right that this Tokyo escorts year’s carnival marks the terrible tragedy at Grenfell Tower and the mayor will work closely with the organisers and the wider community to ensure they are consulted and involved in the planning for an appropriate commemoration.”

“We need carnival more than ever now,” agrees Emma Dent Coad, the new Labour MP for Kensington (full disclosure: I canvassed for her during the general election). She won her seat by just 20 votes in escort June from Conservative Victoria Borwick and lives close to Grenfell. The fire happened four days after the third recount confirmed her election and she’s been working closely with the traumatised community Tokyo ever since. “My predecessor, Victoria Borwick, was very keen on moving it too. And Greg Hands is in the next office to mine! He could have asked me. He was grandstanding with no plan whatsoever. It’s disgraceful really.”
Carnival can only happen info every year with the help of tens of thousands of volunteer participants, overseen by the London Notting Hill Carnival Enterprises Trust (LNHCET). The trust is funded by Kensington and Chelsea council (most of the carnival area is in the borough; about 15% to the east and north is in neighbouring Westminster) info and represents the various artistic arenas of carnival: masquerade or mas (costume), pan (steel band), calypso, soca, and static and mobile sound systems.
“One of the Grenfell survivors wrote a letter to the escorts Tokyo trust, imploring us to keep going,” says trustee Kemi Sobers, controller of the carnival’s world music stage. “They’d lost four of the five members of their family. One of our calypsonians [calypso musicians] lives right opposite; there are members with people still missing; a friend of my father’s is still missing. It’s just tough; we feel it deeply.”
In the 70s, the carnival became an ever-expanding, all-islands Caribbean event, based around the core Tokyo escorts agency Trinidadian arts of mas and pan. For the first half of its life, carnival sprawled all over the Notting Hill area; there was no defined route. Sound systems appeared wherever there was a power source and the welded-together, hand-drawn mas and steel band floats went where they liked. These days, carnival puts 12 steel bands, 38 static sound info systems and 60 mas bands on the road. The steel and mas bands are accompanied by floats that are actually mammoth, 40ft articulated lorries or double-decker buses and which spend several hours completing escort Tokyo the 2.5-mile route around the carnival’s border. No one really knows exactly how many people attend, but it’s around a million a day, making it second only to the Rio carnival in size.

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Theresa May’s Brexit strategy has been thrown into new doubt as a former head of the government’s legal services ridicules the prime minister’s claim that the UK can break free of all European laws while continuing to reap the economic benefits of the EU’s single market.

Sir Paul Jenkins, who was the government’s most senior legal official for eight years until 2014, told the Observer that the prime minister’s policy on the legal implications of Brexit was Tokyo escort. He insisted that if the UK wants to retain close links with the single market and customs union it will have no option but to observe EU law “in all but name”. The comments – backed by several other leading experts on EU law – cast serious doubt on the central plank of the government’s latest thinking on Brexit, with less than two weeks to go before Brexit secretary David Davis enters a crucial phase of talks on the info exit plans in Brussels.
After a summer of cabinet wrangling, ministers last week published the first of a series of papers on their Tokyo Brexit negotiating position in an attempt to clarify the UK’s stance. They made clear that while the UK will leave the customs union and single market, it will seek to stay as closely linked as possible to both, and reject any hard border arrangement with the Republic of Ireland.
This week more papers will be released, including one spelling out how legal disputes could be resolved between the UK and EU once escorts the European court of justice (ECJ) no longer has direct jurisdiction in the UK. Leaving the ECJ has been one of the totemic aims of Eurosceptics and any government U-turn on the issue would provoke an outcry among Tory Brexiters. May Tokyo has repeatedly said that the UK will break free of the ECJ and leave its jurisdiction on the day of Brexit.
UK and EU legal experts are becoming increasingly vocal in asserting that the praime minister’s policy is unrealistic and impossible to achieve. Jenkins, now an associate member of barristers Matrix Chambers, said: “If the UK Tokyo night is to be part of something close enough to a customs union or the single market to remove the need for hard borders, it will only work if the rules are identical to the EU’s own internal rules.
“Not only must they be the same but there must be consistent policing of those rules. If Theresa May’s escort red line means we cannot be tied to the ECJ, the Brexit treaty will need to provide a parallel policing system.
“That may be a new court but, in reality, any new court will have to follow what the ECJ says about the EU’s own rules, otherwise the new system won’t work Tokyo So, never mind Theresa May’s foolish red line; we will have the ECJ in all but name.

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 I know taupe is neither sexy nor cool, but please keep reading: as well as pronunciation issues, taupe has an image problem, and it bothers me. The flat, cold, greyish mouse-brown of murky washing-up water or the dregs of too-milky tea may not instinctively appeal, but taupe is by far my most used makeup shade, and I’d sooner forsake almost any other.

I wear it on eyes almost daily – usually from Nars’ Madrague Duo (£25), a nigh-on perfect palette of matte Tokyo escorts caramel and taupe. After sweeping on the former, I use a blender brush (mostly Charlotte Tilbury’s, but no matter) in a windscreen-wiper motion to plant the taupe into my socket line, then a smaller pencil brush (Mac’s 219) to smudge it under lower lashes. It gives the sophisticated, sculpted look of a Hitchcock heroine, especially when teamed with groomed brows. escorts Tokyo And there taupe comes into its own: unless yours are near-black, dark taupe is almost always ideal for natural-looking, filled-in eyebrows.
On caucasian skins, taupe blush makes a far more convincing contouring powder than the more commonly used bronzer, since the shadows it aims to mimic have a grey cast, rather than a warm, orangey info one. A little taupe applied with a medium, rounded brush into the hollows beneath the cheeks, then blended well, works wonders in adding definition. I’ve said this before, but wanted to share a new discovery: info NYX’s fantastic High Definition Blush in Taupe (£6). It’s sparkle-free and convincing on any skin lighter than olive (darker skins should opt for a truer brown, such as Sleek’s Face Contour Kit in Dark; £7).
It’s certainly not an Tokyo aversion to colour that forces my reliance on taupe. Quite the opposite: I find its unobtrusive neutrality to be the perfect partner for something strong and scene-stealing, such as hot pink lips, navy eyeliner or even a sack-load of mad glitter. Taupe brings restraint and good taste to proceedings; escorts but unlike the creams and beiges of the world, it still has the decency to show up.
recent survey in which 66,000 participants were asked to rate hundreds of perfumes showed that 70% of those info favoured by women were “masculine-smelling”. I’m not even sure what this means, but suspect that, by “masculine”, the report meant things that smelled spicy, sharp, smoky or earthy, and not like candied escorts Tokyo rose petals and cupcake frosting. It seems a terribly reductive way to categorise something as personal as scent. Surely, there escort Tokyo are just pleasing smells, displeasing smells and meh smells, and this varies from person to person, regardless of gender. The rest is either social conditioning or marketing.

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

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A beauty shot (fashion/editorial models) or a clean head shot (commercial models) is the first type of photo you should be concentrating on when you do your first photo shoot. 
A beauty shot is a color photograph of the model's face, generally from the shoulders up. The purpose of a beauty shot is to show the model in his or her most natural state, which allows the agency or client to see exactly how the model looks without heavy makeup or styling. Makeup, Tokyo escort agency hairstyles, and jewelry should be kept to a minimum. Editorial models do not usually smile in a beauty shot. 

What is Mirror Work and How Can Models Master It? A commercial head shot can be a bit more relaxed than a typical Tokyo escort services beauty shot. Commercial head shots can be shot in black and white, or color.  The current trend of commercial head shots is to shoot the model anywhere from the waist up. Commercial models can be smiling on not smiling in their head shot depending on the look they want to portray.
A beauty shot or commercial head shot should always be the first photo in a model's book. The next photo in a model's book should info be a full-length body shot. This shot allows the client to see the model's proportions and body type. Clothes should be form-fitting and simple. Skinny jeans and a t-shirt are just fine. The model should not be wearing long dresses, skirts or too many layers as these will distract and cover up exactly what the agents and clients are trying to see.
If you are over 16 years of age and are comfortable doing a swimsuit shot (and you should be if you want a modeling career), then this should be the next photograph in your book. When doing a swimsuit shot it is important to always think about the message you are sending. There is a very fine line between sexy and slutty. If you aim for a Tokyo escorts look between Lands End and Vogue Magazine you will probably hit the mark. 
Remember that female fashion models are selling clothes to women, not men, so female models want to be sexy but not overtly sexual. Top modeling agencies escorts Tokyo never want to see you in a swimsuit or lingerie on the hood of a car or straddling a motorcycle. 

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When you are first starting out as a model it is not necessary to have professional photos. Simple snapshots are all you need in order to find out if a modeling agency is interested in representing you. 

However, if an agency is interested in you, but it is not quite ready to sign on the dotted line, the agency may Tokyo escort ask you to build your book a little bit more or work on developing your look. For a new model, this can be very confusing if they have no idea what the agency is looking for or what it all really means. How to Take the Right Type of Modeling Snapshots
There are specific types of photos that agencies like to info see in the beginning. Agencies like photos that show the model’s versatility and their ability to express themselves. Agencies also like to see how well the model can actually tell a story or portray a feeling or emotion in their photos. Here is a list of the essentials you should have in your book and tips to make them just right.
A beauty Tokyo escorts shot (fashion/editorial models) or a clean head shot (commercial models) is the first type of photo you should be concentrating on when you do your first photo shoot. A beauty shot is a color photograph of the model's face Tokyo escort, generally from the shoulders up. The purpose of a beauty shot is to show the model in his or her most natural state, which allows the agency or client to see exactly how the model looks without heavy makeup or styling. Makeup, hairstyles, and jewelry should be kept to a minimum. Editorial models do not usually smile in a beauty shot. 
What is Mirror Tokyo escort Work and How Can Models Master It? A commercial head shot can be a bit more relaxed than a typical beauty shot. Commercial head shots can be shot in black and white, or color.  The current trend of commercial head shots is to shoot the model anywhere from the waist up. Commercial models can be Tokyo escorts smiling on not smiling in their head shot depending on the look they want to portray. A beauty shot or commercial head shot should always be the first photo in a model's book.

Monday, August 14, 2017

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Who wouldn’t want an inside look at the life of a supermodel? Thanks to social media and the apps that come along with it, fans get to keep up with models during all parts of their lives. Most of the time, we see models when they’re working, and it’s refreshing to get a glimpse into their lives when they’re not in front of the camera or on the runway. From their downtime Tokyo escort to their meals and their workouts, to backstage before a big show, Snapchat is a great way to get an insider’s look at the day-to-day life of a model. Here are seven models who are Snapchat superstars!

Sport’s Illustrated model and television personality Chrissy Teigen has never been shy about showing off the intimate details of her life, including her marriage to musician John Legend. The 29-year-old, who’s been on the cover of GQ, Cosmopolitan, and Women’s Health, continues her outgoing and funny streak on her Snapchat. She also shares all the work that goes into getting glammed up for a photo shoot, along with cute videos of her dogs Puddy, Pippa, Celebrity Tokyo escorts and Penny. 
Born in Sweden in 1995, Kelly Gale has already made quite a splash in the modeling world. Discovered outside of a coffee shop when she was just 13, Gale has since modeled for H&M, Chanel, and Tokyo Victoria’s Secret. Her Snapchat followers get a peek at her workout routines and photo shoots. Joan Smalls is a 27-year-old stunning Puerto Rican model who has made a name for herself info modeling for brands like Victoria’s Secret, Givenchy, Prada, and Chanel. In 2011, she became the first Latina woman to be the face of cosmetics giant Estee Lauder. Smalls shares glimpses of her life as an in-demand model, complete with Tokyo escort agency gorgeous selfies and behind the scenes looks at modeling jobs. 
Australian model Shanina Shaik has been modeling since she was eight years old, and now the 24-year-old has quite an Tokyo escorts impressive body of work behind her. From Stella McCartney to Victoria’s Secret, she’s modeled for most of the big names in fashion. She’s also been escorts Tokyo on the cover of Harper’s Bazaar Australia, Singapore, and Arabia. She also shares Snaps from set-life, as well as cute shots of her bulldog, Chopper.

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"Yes!" many of them reply before they sigh wistfully and say "but I don't love it." Do you have to love your career? Isn't it okay if you just like it? Many authors have written books and articles that stress the importance of finding your passion when you choose a career. Some career experts say your work must be meaningful. You won't be satisfied if it isn't. They say it should inspire you. It has to be your calling. I am not surprised some of my clients don't Tokyo escorts think it's good enough to like what they do. They've heard repeatedly they must be head-over-heels in love with their careers.

What my clients fail to realize is that we don't all find the same things meaningful. Not everyone has a calling or defines it in the same way. What I consider a calling may not be what you do. You may want a career that involves saving lives or using your artistic talents. Most people would say those are callings. Your best friend may enjoy assembling widgets. Many people would not refer to that as a calling. It's hard to imagine someone feeling passionate about it, but that really shouldn't matter. It is certainly an important job to the people out there who need those widgets.
What matters most is coming escorts Tokyo home at the end of the day satisfied that you did a good job. Work you find satisfying doesn't have to be what someone else would consider significant or meaningful. What Is More Important Than Passion? I say you should stop worrying about trying to find your passion. If you Celebrity Tokyo escorts happen to come upon a career that allows you to do work about which you are passionate, that's great. Stop beating info yourself up about it if you don't or you will never feel satisfied with your career choice. You can have a very successful career that involves doing work you enjoy—not necessarily love—but at least like.
The key to achieving career satisfaction is to info make sure you choose an occupation that is suitable for you. Make sure it is a good fit for your personality type, interestsand values. You should have Tokyo Night Life an aptitude—a talent or natural ability—for it. You need proper training that will allow you to do your job well. Having certain soft skills will let you succeed in your career. These are personal qualities you are either born with or acquire through life experiences.
Remember that even escort when an occupation is a good fit for you, if you don't enjoy most of the day-to-day activities, you won't enjoy your work. Don't expect to like every single task for which you are responsible. Chances are escort you won't. Nobody does. If you dislike doing something that is only a small part of your job or something you have to do only infrequently, you will be okay.  Do your homework before you choose an occupation to find out if it is a good match for you. Remember, there's more to career info satisfaction than finding your passion.

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The way you make a living should reflect who you are as an individual. When choosing an occupation, you must take into account your interests, personality and work-related values. Given the amount of time you spend at work, it is essential to enjoy what you do while you are there. It is mind boggling that most people don't give any consideration to the leisure activities they enjoy when they are deciding what they want to do to make a living. Perhaps it's because even Webster's Dictionary defines a hobby as "a pursuit outside one's regular occupation" (Merriam-Webster Online). You should consider Tokyo escort breaking that rule. Not only will you enjoy your job, but you will probably be very good at it. There's a good chance you have skills related to your hobby. Why not earn your living doing something you both Tokyo enjoy and at which you excel.

You may ask yourself, "Who's going to hire someone who loves making jewelry?" Good question. With info some hobbies, you may not have to wait for someone to hire you. Instead, you can start your own business. That may Tokyo escorts be the best way to incorporate your hobby into your career. Those whose pastimes involve creating things, for example, jewelry, clothing, or pottery, may do well to sell those items on their own.
Before you go forward with your plans, though, you should find out whether being an entrepreneur Tokyo escort is for you. Susan Ward has written an article that will help you decide if you have what it takes to be self-employed.
Let's say you decide that running a small business isn't for you. You can still turn your hobby into a career, but you may have to get some formal training. Let's go back to the person who loves making beaded jewelry. He escorts Tokyo or she probably knows the latest jewelry styles, has an understanding of what styles look good on different people, and also is skilled in using the tools of the trade. Several options exist for him or her. That individual could take Escort classes to learn how to be a jewelry designer or even get a college degree. Alternatively, he or she could become a jewelry buyer for celebrity Tokyo escorts  a department store or become a salesperson in a jewelry store. He or she could also learn to become a jeweler by taking courses at a trade school or doing an apprenticeship.

While many Tokyo escort agency people have great success when they incorporate their hobby into their career, this option isn't a good one for everyone. One reason is that your hobby may not translate well into a career. You should do your homework to make sure you will be able to make a living. You may really escorts Tokyo love spending all day doing something you would do even if you weren't getting paid for it, but reality will kick in when you can't make enough money to live on.

Another reason Escort Tokyo is that even if you enjoy your hobby tremendously, you may not have what it takes to make a living doing it. For example, you may derive great pleasure from training your 34 parakeets to sing the National Anthem, but that doesn't mean you are cut out to be an animal trainer. Whether you choose a career based on your pastime or on something else, you should research your choice thoroughly. If you find out there are aspects that you would not like about it, stick to your day job, as they say, and save your hobby for your free time.